WHAT IS PLAGIARISM? Plagiarism is presenting someone else's words or ideas as your own. The following are all examples of plagiarism:
Here is an example, in APA style, that would be considered acceptable summarizing of this passage: Nickerson (1999) argues that clear communication hinges upon what an audience does and does not know. It is crucial to assume the audience has neither too much nor too little knowledge of the subject, or the communication may be inhibited by either confusion or offense (p. 737). Notice that the writer both paraphrases Nickerson's ideas about effective communication and compresses them into two sentences. Like paraphrasing, summarizing passages is a tricky endeavor and takes lots of practice. If you're ever in doubt about whether your summary or paraphrase might be accidental plagiarism, ask your teacher.
With the election of Ronald Regan, covert operations in Latin America escalated rapidly. 6 "The influx of American funds," notes Peter Kornbluh, determined "the frequency and destructiveness of contra attachs." 7 In the early 1980s, the Regan Administration increasingly used Honduras as a base for the contra war. The Administration set up a number of military and training facilities--some American, some contra , and some housing Argengine mercenaries--along the border between Nicaragua and Honduras. "[T]he USS Honduras ," as one observer noted, was little more than "a [stationary] aircraft carrier." 8 These strategies seemed to represent both a conscious acceleration of American involvement in the region, and the inertia of past involvements and failures. 9