According to Calvinism, known as a rational religious system, people should engage in a disciplined and methodical way of life which would facilitate their path to become richer and work harder (Weber, 1958). This was because they believed that it was the right way to glorify God, as it would be a sign that they are chosen to be saved. Contrary, Catholic doctrine followed the idea that one would obtain salvation by the means of avoiding salvation and adopting an isolated and mainly spiritual life (Weber, 1958). Therefore, the attitude of material wealth to serve God, and wasting time and money being an obstacle for salvation, led to development of the Capitalist system, as it permitted Christians to live luxuriously, thus rational economy was formed in which everything was calculated and designed to maintain the system.
Durkheim had created a theory based around the collective conscious which he had reinforced with his social facts, and with this he had created a way to study the effect of these social facts on social phenomena. The methods he had created had completely revolutionised the way in which research could be conducted, and the theories could interpret the behaviour seen in difference societies. He had made way for different thinking in regards to anthropological research and made it possible to study entire societies instead of an individual lost within a society. Many theorists since Durkheim have developed further his ideas in their own research into social facts and explaining the difference causes for behaviour within our society.
Finally the essay will compare and contrast Marx’s idea of class and class conflict with Durkheim’s theory on the Division of labour. The Functionalist perspective is more commonly linked to the sociologist Emile Durkheim (1858-1917). Durkheim was born in France and was responsible for creating the European Department Of Sociology. It is through the many great theories constructed by Durkheim that sociology could be considered a social science. Functionalists analyse what needs must be adhered to in order for society to function, including the ways in which social institutions benefit and contribute to those needs. Need essay sample on "Compare and Contrast Marx’s Idea of Class and Durkheim’s Division of Labour?" ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you for only $/page