3 . A The Meiji Restoration refers to the period starting in 1868 with the restoration of imperial rule. It was characterized by strong centralized government, opening to the West, land reforms, and dismantling of the samurai classes. The Heian period lasted from the 800s to the 1100s and was characterized by strong Chinese influence (B). The Tokugawa Shogunate period lasted from the 1600s to 1868 and was characterized by a feudal system with a strong samurai class (C). The Jomon were a Japanese Neolithic culture.